AIDS and HIV
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a disease caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) that attacks all cells of the immune system. AIDS was identified in the United States in the early 1980s. There is no cure for AIDS, but there are antiretroviral treatments that can delay the onset of AIDS.
Prevention and Education
History of AIDS
Chancroid is also known as a soft chancre. It is a sexually transmitted disease that affects men more than women and is caused by a bacterium. The disease causes bumps on the genital area that rupture and become painful.
New York Department of Health
Sexually Transmitted Disease Guide
Chlamydia is caused by a bacterium. The disease affects young women and teenage girls more than males. Symptoms are usually mild or non-existent, but Chlamydia can cause irreversible fertility complications for females.
Chlamydia In Men
Pubic lice caused by Phthirius pubis are insects that cause intense itching and can be spread through not just sexual contact but through clothing and sheets.
Gonorrhea is a bacterium that can spread to the reproductive systems in men, women, and cause infertility. If untreated the disease can be life-threatening.
Screening for Gonorrhea
Hepatitis B can be contacted through blood, semen, and vaginal fluids. Hepatitis B can be prevented with the Hepatitis B vaccine. Hepatitis C can be spread through sexual contact, but research shows the probability is low. There is no vaccine or treatment for Hepatitis C.
Genital Herpes is a viral infection that causes intermediate blister breakouts on the genital area. Some individuals have no symptoms and are unaware of the infection. There is no cure for Herpes and the virus lowers the immune system making carriers susceptible to the Human Immunodeficiency Virus.
Human Papillomavirus / Genital Warts
There are over 40 human papillomavirus’s that affect the entire genital area. The virus can cause genital warts, but most carriers don’t have symptoms. Human papillomavirus that doesn’t cause warts can cause cervical, vulva, anal, vagina, and penis cancer.
This viral infection can be spread just by skin-to-skin contact, but also through sexual contact, clothing, and bathtubs. It can take up to six months to have symptoms, which include lesions, large sores, or bumps on the genitals, and thighs.
Clinical Features and Outcome
Nongonococcal Urethritis (NGU)
Research shows that this sexually transmitted disease is mostly caused by Chlamydia. Nongonococcal Urethritis causes a small amount of discharge accompanied by burning from the urethra in men and women. Statistically, men will carry this organism far more than women.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
This bacterium disease affects only women by being in the vaginal canal or cervix then entering the reproductive organs. Different types or bacteria can facilitate Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, however, it usually related to Chlamydia and Gonorrhea.
PID Specfic Treatment
This STD similar to crabs is caused by a parasite. The parasite that causes Scabies is Sarcoptes scabiei. Scabies is spread through direct skin-to-skin contact, clothing, and bedding. The parasite will dig into the genital area causing bumps, rashes, and itches.
Syphilis is the oldest sexually transmitted disease. The disease caused by bacterium was first recognized in 1493. The symptoms may start with chancres, then fever, fatigue, headache, and rashes. If Syphilis goes untreated it can cause death.
Bacteria, virus, yeast or form of irritants, can cause Vaginitis. Trichomoniasis Vaginitis is a sexually transmitted disease that produces symptoms rarely in men. The disease is usually diagnosed through women, but both partners have to be treated to eliminate reinfection.